naseeha

Negative particles

9 posts in this topic

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله

كيف حالكم يا اخواني

I read in antother topic on this same arabic forum about the negative particles...

Can someone please explain further them...

I understand لا

and i undersand ما when we are talking about past tense..

but لن how is this used....

how can it be used for past tense verbs...

is it rigth to say...

لن كتب

او

لن كسر

شكرا

نصيحة

Edited by naseeha

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Bismillah

Oo naseeha, u decided to put me back into action here, Insh aAllah, will think how can i explain this, if no other arabic speaker comes to rescue........ :)

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

شكرا يا امي

I think i have an idea...

tell me if this is right ok.....

when the ما comes before a verb in the past tense مثال: ما فعل then it refers to the past tense

the same would go for the word لم when it comes before the perfect tense,

مثال:لم يفعل

ا ليس كذلك؟

and for the future when we are negating something totally like.... i will not do that we say لنيفعل or i never did that لن فعل

am i right or am i still confused??

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Bismillah

partially correct, Insh a Allah give me till tomorrow I want to give u good examples, ok pls :blush:

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Bismillah

Naseeha, because my mind is not really clear, a PhD in Arabic language Insh aAllah is writing me a simple explanation. Waiting will be the best for others too. May Allah Reward him.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

الحمد لله يا امي

افهم..

maybe you should ask this guy to join the board...

I would LOVE to meet him...

his knowledge would be immensly appreciated...

btw..

I'm learning a bit for the ruqa'a style of writing, got any resourses on that?

links??

jazaakillah khairan umm

نصيحة

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Bismillah

Ok, I will translate his explanation:

1. ما negates the past as in:

ما حضر المسافر

when it is used with a جملة اسمية a sentence starting with a name: it functions as كان وأخواتها

مثل:

ما هذا بشراً

It may be used with a present tense verb, in this regard it functions only to negate like:

ما يحبُ الكريم البخل

2. لا it gives the sense of dont do and used with the present tense which makes the present tense in this case takes a sokun as tashkeel. For example:

لا تأكلْ الطعام الملوث

Other cases, it becomes a negative element but not functioning as in:

لا يحب الله الجهر بالسوء

3. لن

It negates the present tense that takes a fatha in this position, but negation here would be for the future:

لن ينجحَ الكسول

4. ليس is used with a sentence that start with a name as in:

ليس محمد نائماً

hope i Helped, if not pls let me know.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now